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Higher Secondary Physics Lab Manual

Monday, January 25, 2021 / 6 Comments

As per the objectives of curriculum, students studying Physics at the Higher Secondary level have to study the practical part (Experimental Physics) along with the theory part. The details on the experiments to be completed for the first year and the second year are clearly mentioned in the syllabus.

The first year students are directed to undergo internal exam. It is conducted for 20 marks/1½ hour duration. The score obtained here can be considered as CCE of the second year.

As part of board exam, practical exam is conducted for the second year students. Maximum of 40 marks is awarded for the 3 hours duration test. There would be usually two questions for practical exam. Of these two questions, one will be from the first year experiment and the other one from the second year experiment.

Higher Secondary Physics Practical Log Book


To record the experiments that the students do at the Physics lab, Physics Practical Log Book should be used. The aim, principle, procedure, tabular column of each experiment must be entered in to log book. The second year students appearing for Practical board exam, should submit the log book certified by the teacher. The students should keep a separate log book for first year and second year.

Higher Secondary Physics Lab Manual


Higher Secondary Physics Lab Manual is now made available for the Higher Secondary students. The Higher Secondary Physics lab Manual in PDF form, prepared by Sri. Harikrishnan K, CVM HSS Vandazhy, Palakkad and Sri.Sreejith P.S. GHSS, Ezhikkara, Ernakulam can be downloaded from the link below.

The students can get the aim, principle, theory, tabular column and result of each experiment from the lab manual given here.

First Year(Plus One) Physics Lab Manual by Harikrishnan K
1. Concurrent force
2. Simple Pendulum
3. Vernier Callipers (Sphere, Cylinder)
4. Moment Bar
5. Sonometer - 1 (unknown freq)
6. Sonometer - 2 (unknown mass)
7. Helical Spring (k, load extension graph, unknown m)
8. Screw Gauge (wire, glass plate)
9. Resonance column-1(vel. of sound, unknown freq)
10.Resonance column-1(vel. of sound, unknown freq)
11. Newton’s law of cooling
Second Year(Plus Two) Physics Lab Manual by Harikrishnan K
1. Potentiometer -1 (internal resistance)
2. Sonometer 3 ( freq of ac)
3. Convex Lens (distant object, u-v, 1/u-1/v, graph)
4. Concave Lens (Contact method)
5. Zener Diode
6. Diode characteristics
7. Meter bridge (Resistance, resistivity, conductance)
8. Ohms law -1 (Resistance, resistivity, conductance)
9. Ohms law – 2 ( series and parallel combination)
10. Concave Mirror (Normal incidence, u-v, graph)
11. Convex Mirror
12. Potentiometer -2 (ratio of emf)
13. Refraction through Prism
First Year(Plus One) Physics Lab Manual by Sreejith P S
Common Balance
Helical Spring Load Extension
Helical Spring Oscillation
Moment Bar
Newtons Law of Cooling
Parallelogram-Relative Density
Parallelogram-Weight of the body
Resonance Column-Comparison of frequencies
Resonance Column-velocity of sound
Screw Gauge
Simple Pendulum
Sonometer-unknown frequencies
Sonometer-unknown mass
Vernier Calipers
Second Year(Plus Two) Physics Lab Manual by Sreejith P S
Concave Lens
Concave Mirror
Convex Lens
Forward Diode Characteristics
Liquid Lens
Metre Bridge-Comparison of Resistors
Metre Bridge-Resistivity
Ohms Law-Resistivity
Ohms Law-Combination of resistances
Potentiometer-Comparison of emf
Potentiometer-internal resistance
Refraction through a Prism
Refractive Index-Glass Slab
Zener Diode
Related Downloads
Higher Secondary Practical Exam Scheme 2021
Higher Secondary Practical Exam Previous Questions

The Physics Lab Manual prepared by Hsslive.in Team can be downloaded free for study purpose by the students. Linking this with other sites except Hsslive.in and commercial use of this are strictly prohibited. Prior permission has to be sought from Hsslive.in for such things.

Higher Secondary Model Examination Time Table, Question Paper and Answer Key

Friday, January 22, 2021 / No Comments
The Directorate of Higher Secondary Education(DHSE) conducts model exam every year for the Higher Secondary students to make them familiar with the exam procedure in theory and practical subjects, question paper pattern and to give practice for completing the exam on time. Besides it boosts their confidence level too.

The model examination for the academic year 2020-21 will be conducted in the month of March 2021. It commences on 1st March 2020 for the second year students. The exam will be conducted both in the forenoon and afternoon sessions for various subjects. The timing will be from 9.30 a.m for the fore noon session. Except Friday, the afternoon session will start at 1.30 p.m.

Time Table for Higher Secondary Model Exam March 2021

The time table for the model examination is given here. To enable the students perform well in the exam and to enrich their subject knowledge, model question papers, previous year question papers, scheme etc are provided here. Click the link below to download it.

Higher Secondary Model Exam Question Paper & Answer Key

The previous question paper and answer key of Higher Secondary Model Examinations are published here. The answer key of each question paper will be made available along with this after the official publication. Click the link given below to download the available question papers and answer key
Downloads
Time Table for Higher Secondary(Plus Two) Model Examination March 2021
Study Notes & Question Papers
Plus Two Study Notes based on Focus Area 2021
Higher Secondary(XI/XII) Study Notes and Previous Question Papers(All Subjects)
Higher Secondary Model Exam Questions & Answer Key
Higher Secondary Model Exam Question Papers & Answer Key
Related Downloads
Higher Secondary Examination March 2021 Notification & Time Table
Higher Secondary Practical Examination 2021 Scheme & Question Paper

Higher Secondary Plus Two Practical Exam Scheme & Question Paper 2021

Thursday, January 21, 2021 / No Comments

Due to the prevalence of alarming pandemic covid-19 it is not possible for functioning of regular classes in this academic year(2020-21). The study materials are transacted by teachers through digital media and online classes. Hence the completion of necessary activities in connection with the Higher Secondary Practical Examination is found to be quite impossible. 

Under this circumstance, the guidelines and mandatory things to be done for the Practical Examination by strictly following the covid protocol norms have been published by the Directorate of Higher Secondary Education and SCERT. The practical exam has been scheduled to be conducted this year, after the theory exam only.

Click the link below to download the guidelines for the Practical exam of the second year students of Higher Secondary course of the academic year 2021 and the model question papers for each practical subject.  The practical exam supporting material in each subject prepared by teachers would be updated here.
Physics
Physics Scheme 2021
Physics Lab Manual(Solved)
Physics Solved Practical Questions
Chemistry
Chemistry Scheme 2021
Chemistry-Systematic Analysis of Simple Salts by Anil Kumar K L
Chemistry-Volumetric Analysis by Anil Kumar K L
Chemistry Sample Viva Questions
Biology
Biology(Botany & Zoology) Scheme 2021
Botany Model Practical Question Paper(Solved-unofficial based on scheme 2021) by Ismail Parambath
Zoology Practical Notes based on Practical Scheme 2021 by Navas Cheemadan
Computer Science/Application
Computer Science & Application Scheme 2021
Computer Application Practical Model Question Paper 2021
Computer Science Practical Model Question Paper (Unofficial based on Scheme 2021)
Computer Application Practical Model Question Paper 2021(Solved-unofficial based on Scheme 2021) by Shahija P V
Computer Science Practical Model Question Paper 2021(Solved-unofficial based on scheme 2021) by Shahija P V
Computer Science Practical Model Question Paper 2021(Solved-unofficial based on scheme 2021) by Meera V V, GVHSS Kurumathur
Mathematics
Mathematics Scheme 2021
Mathematics Model Practical Question Paper 2021(Official)
Computerised Accounting
Computerised Accounting Scheme 2021
Computerised Accounting Solved Practical Questions (Unofficial based on Scheme 2021) by Harikumar A
Computerised Accounting Solved Practical Questions (Unofficial based on Scheme 2021) by Vinod E B
Computerised Accounting Solved Practical Questions(Unofficial based on Scheme 2021) by Johnson Koshy
Computerised Accounting Solved Practical Questions(Unofficial based on Scheme 2021) by Alrahiman
Computerised Accounting Solved Practical Questions(Unofficial based on Scheme 2021) by Binoy George
Geology
Geology Scheme 2021
Geology Solved Practical Questions
Geography
Geography Scheme 2021
Geography Practical Model Question Paper(Unofficial-Based on Scheme 2021)
Other Subjects Scheme 2021
Social Work
Psychology
Statistics
Electronics
Electronic Systems
Computer Information Technology
Communicative English
Journalism
Gandhian Studies
Home Science
Music
Related Downloads
Higher Secondary Practical Exam-Previous year question papers & Scheme
Higher Secondary Exam March 2021-Notification & Time Table

Income Tax Calculator Software 2020-21

Monday, January 18, 2021 / No Comments

The Income Tax software tools for 2020-21 is to be released. Not like previous years, it can be calculated in two different schemes and the suitable one can be selected this time. Hence the software was with a few difficulties, it has been done with utmost care and correctness of the calculations be examined and if any mistakes are noticed it be emailed. 

The major changes in the income tax in the financial budget presented by the Honorable Minister Smt Nirmala Sitaraman are also considered in the software preparation. There is no change in the rate of income tax of the previous year where as a new scheme called New Regime was also presented. 

As it is optional, those willing to change to this new scheme can do so or they can follow the scheme of the previous years. 

Old Regime

In the old scheme, there were different Tax slab for groups such as super senior citizen senior citizen and an ordinary citizen. As per this scheme, taxable income (total income) is calculated after various deduction from income and tax will be according to this. Here, there was chance for tax deduction by focusing on the deposits and such.

Category
Taxable Income
Tax Rate
Till the age of 60Taxable upto Rs.2.5 lakhNil
Above Rs 2.5 lakh to 5 lakh5%
Upto Rs.10 lakh20%
Above Rs.10 lakh30%
From the age of 60Taxable upto Rs.3 lakhNil
Above Rs 3 lakh to 5 lakh5%
Upto Rs.10 lakh20%
Above Rs.10 lakh30%
From the age of 80Taxable upto Rs.5 lakhNil
Above Rs 5 lakh to 10 lakh20%
Above Rs.10 lakh30%

New Regime 

The tax is calculated in the new scheme by classifying the income limits into 7 slabs each one is that of Rs 2.5 lakh compared to the old scheme. Though the tax rate is lesser here, the peculiarity of this scheme is that no deductions from the total income are not allowed here. The deductions under professional tax, Entertainment allowance, HRA, Standard deduction, NPS contribution Housing loan deductions, 80 C chapter VI A are not allowed here and the gross income is the taxable income here.

If the taxable income is below 5 lakh, Rs 12,500/ as per section 87(A) of old scheme is permitted here too and there is no such classification as ordinary citizen, senior citizen and super senior citizen. A single tax rate slab only is there considering all are equal.

Category
Taxable Income
Tax Rate
New Income Tax Slab & RateTaxable upto Rs.2.5 lakhNil
Above Rs 2.5 lakh to 5 lakh5%
Above Rs.5 lakh to 7.5 lakh10%
Above Rs.7.5 lakh to 10 lakh15%
Above Rs.10 lakh to 12.5 lakh20%
Above Rs.12.5 lakh to 15 lakh25%
Above Rs.15 lakh30%

Housing loan and New tax system 

In the scheme that was followed in the previous years, the amount remitted towards principal amount of the housing loan was considered to be deduction in 80 C up to an amount of rupees one and half lakh and up to Rs 2 lakh towards interest as deduction in income from house property whereas these two deductions are not available in the new scheme. Moreover, the rent received from house that was let should be given as income, in income from House property. 

The advantage of the new scheme here is that the interest for the housing loan can be reduced from this income and the maximum amount that can be deducted is limited to, in the income from rent as such things can't be allowed to be deducted from other income. A deduction of upto Rs 2 lakh was available in this in the old scheme. 

Which is better? 

For the question which scheme is better, a sudden and single answer is not possible. It may vary and depend upon the individual's deduction scheme The fact is that, for those who have availed of the deductions possibilities to the maximum, following the old scheme would be better. Anyway, you need not think over this much. This job would be done by the software. 

The software is prepared in such a way that both scheme statements can be generated from a common single entry. Once the details are entered, two statements, Old Regime and New Regime can be opened. The statement with lesser Tax amount can be printed out and submitted in the office.
Income Tax Calculator 2020-21 by Alrahiman
Easy Tax Calculator 2021 by Alrahiman(64 bit)
Easy Tax Calculator 2021 by Alrahiman(32 bit)
Income Tax 2021-An introduction by Alrahiman[PDF]
Income Tax Calculator 2021 by Babu Vadukkumchery
ECTax 2021 by Babu Vadukkumchery
Income Tax Calculator 2021 by Sudheer Kumar T. K
Easy Tax 2021 by Sudheer Kumar T. K
Income Tax Calculator 2021 by Gigi Varughese
Income Tax Calculator 2021 by Gigi Varughese

Common Law Admission Test(CLAT) for Law Aspirants

Tuesday, December 29, 2020 / 2 Comments
Now it is time for the law aspirants to apply for Common Law Admission Test(CLAT) of 2021 to cherish their dream of getting themselves enrolled in one of the 21 premium national universities including the National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS) at Kochi.

CLAT 2021 Schedule & Application Fee

The application process for admission test is scheduled to commence from 1st of January 2021 and the process will close on 31st of March 2021. The offline Common Law Admission Test CLAT 2021 will be conducted on 13th June 2021. It will be a 2 hour duration test. The applicants can download their admit card from April.

They have to remit Rs.4000/ towards application fee. SC&ST candidates and of BPL category need pay only Rs.3500/- Different centres in Kerala would be the venue of the exam.

CLAT 2021 Eligibility

Students with minimum 45% of marks in the Plus Two board examination or those to appear for board exam in March or April 2021 are eligible to apply. 40% of marks is the basic qualification for SC & ST category students. Age and optional subjects are never a hamper for applying for this graduation programme in Law. 

CLAT 2021 Syllabus & Question Pattern

The test comprises 5 sections aiming to test the mental, numerical ability and aptitude in becoming law graduates. Of the total 150 marks, 25% marks each to measure the current affairs and legal reasoning, 20% marks each to English language and legal reasoning and 10% marks for testing quantitative techniques.

Subject Areas
English including comprehension
General Knowledge and Current Affairs
Quantitative Techniques
Legal Reasoning
Logical Reasoning

CLAT 2021 Participating Universities

1.Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala,Punjab
2.Chanakya National Law University , Patna, Bihar
3.National University of Advanced Legal Studies , Kochi, Kerala
4.National Law University Odisha, Cuttack, Odisha
5.National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi,Jharkand
6.The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences , Kolkata, West Bengal
7.National Law University , Jodhpur, Rajasthan
8.National Law School of India University, Bangalore,Karnataka
9.NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad , Telengana
10.National Law Institute University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
11.Hidayatullah National Law University , Raipur, Chattisgrah
12.Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University , Lucknow, Utttar Pradesh
13.Gujarat National Law University , Gandhinagar, Gujarat
14.National Law School and Judicial Academy, Guwahati, Assam
15.Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli,Tamilnadu
16.Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai, Maharashtra
17.Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University , Andhra Pradesh.
18.Maharashtra National Law University , Nagpur, Maharashtra
19.Himachal Pradesh National Law University , Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
20.Maharashtra National Law University , Aurangabad, Maharashtra
21.Madhya Pradesh Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh

How to prepare for CLAT Exam?


The law aspirants should have a good practice before they appear for the entrance exam. Besides well planning of syllabus for systematic study is quintessential to clear the test as it requires a sharp time management to complete the exam on time. The faculty in Legal Studies, Smt.Amrutha Raheem guides the law aspirants to get through the exam with her experience and expertise. Her visual presentation makes it clear that thee candidates’ performance depends upon their practice since one question should be answered in 36 seconds. She here provides the candidates who have applied for with certain information and guidelines which are necessary as well as mandatory. Click the link below to watch the presentation.


Click the the below links for CLAT 2021 online application portal, information brochure, course details and syllabus.
CLAT 2021
CLAT 2021-Online Application Portal
CLAT 2021-Instructions
CLAT 2021-Sample Questions
CLAT 2021-Syllabus

Plus Two/SSLC Exam March 2021: SCERT Focus Area, Notes, Syllabus, Question Pattern

Friday, December 25, 2020 / 45 Comments
The public board exam for the classes SSLC & Plus two for the academic year 2020-21 would commence from 17th of March 2021. Under the present global alarming Covid 19 pandemic scenario, certain guidelines have been issued for the smooth and safe conduct of the public exam and for the students, teachers and parents by the committee under the head of the on. Min of Education. 

Plus Two/SSLC Focus Area & Study Notes

Online video classes to transact curriculum in the present situation would be completed by 31st of January 2021. Class room transaction process should be made available to the students from 1st January 2021 to 16th of March. The lessons/topics that be given more focus and prominence in the remaining days in the live class room situation will be intimated before 31st of December 2020 and published in the DHSE portal. Teachers should take care to revise such areas of the units.
Plus Two/SSLC Focus Area
Plus Two(XII) Focus Area(SCERT) for March 2021 Exam
SSLC Focus Area(SCERT) for March 2021 Exam
Study Notes Based on SCERT Focus Area 2021
Plus Two(XII) Economics by Gokulnath P N
Plus Two(XII) Economics by Rajesh S
Plus Two(XII) Botany by Ismail Parambath
Plus Two(XII) Zoology by Navas Cheemadan
Plus Two(XII) Zoology Question Bank by Navas Cheemadan
Plus Two(XII) Computer Science by Joy John
Plus Two(XII) Computer Application-Commerce by Joy John
Plus Two(XII) Computer Application-Humanities by Lenin Pulickal
Plus Two(XII) Computer Application-Humanities by Abdul Sameer
Plus Two(XII) Physics by Ayyappan C
Plus Two(XII) Chemistry by Anil Kumar K L (Last updated on 15-01-2021)
Plus Two(XII) Business Studies by Binoy George (Last updated on 14-01-2021)
Plus Two(XII) Business Studies by Jovin Thomas
Plus Two(XII) Business Studies(Malayalam) by Aneesh M
Plus Two(XII) Business Studies by Johnson Koshy (Last updated on 06-01-2021)
Plus Two(XII) Business Studies(Malayalam) by Vinod E B
Plus Two(XII) Business Studies(English) by Vinod E B
Plus Two(XII) Business Studies by Sreekumar
Plus Two(XII) Accountancy by Binoy George (Last updated on 16-01-2021)
Plus Two(XII) Commerce-Computerised Accounting by Johnson Koshy
Plus Two(XII) Commerce-Computerised Accounting(Malayalam) by Johnson Koshy
Plus Two(XII) Commerce-Computerised Accounting by Binoy George (Last updated on 07-01-2021)
Plus Two(XII) History by Sujith K (Last updated on 24-01-2021)
Wait for updates...
Hsslive Study Notes Archive
Hsslive Study Notes(All Subjects)

Exam Question Pattern March 2021

More choices will be included in the question paper to cater to the interests and needs of the students. As the choices in the question paper would eventually lead to increase in the number of questions, the students would be provided with more cool off time. 

Model question papers would be made available for the students through educational websites and model exam too will be conducted.
Model Question Pattern
SSLC Model Question Pattern

Continuous Evaluation(CE)

Apt and simple subject wise activities be given and duly evaluated. Participation of students in video (online ) classes, records of works related to it, notes, assignments, unit assessments (2 nos) etc can be considered as part of CE.

Practical Exam 2021

The practical exam for all sections – SSLC, HSE and VHSE will be held after the completion of the written exam. Guidelines may be prepared according to the peculiarities of each subject. The students also shall get ample time, a week duration after the exam for the preparation of the practical's. 
Plus Two Practical Exam 2021-Guidelines & Question Pattern
Plus Two Practical Guidelines & Model Questions 2021(All Subjects)

Consent Letter

The students of classes 10 and 12 can be present in school with the consent of their parents. The Headmaster/Principal of the institution concerned should make the arrangements needed for it. 

To give a clear cut idea on the functioning of school and exam, classwise PTA should be arranged in which, the message by the Minister for General Education be broadcast to the parents. 
Downloads
School re-open. Teachers Attendance-DGE-Circular dtd 30-12-2020
School re-open. Guidelines dtd 24-12-2020
50% attendance from December 17th - guidelines dtd 15-12-2020
Govt office-Guidelines-GO(MS) No 964/2020/dmd dtd 10-12-2020
Functioning of govt offices in full strength. Clarification GO(rt) no. 814/2020/DMD dtd 14-10-2020
Concent Letter from Parents(Sample Format)
Related Downloads
Plus Two March 2021 Exam-Time Table & Notifications

Higher Secondary Plus One Improvement Question Paper & Answer Key December 2020

/ 28 Comments
Higher Secondary first year improvement exam of the academic year 2020 began on 18th of December 2020. The Valuation of the answer scripts is expected to start in the first week of January 2021.The centralized valuation will be held at the selected centres in each district. 

The results of the Higher Secondary first year improvement exam December 2020 can be expected to be published in the end of January 2021 or in the opening week of February 2021, after the completion of CV Camps. 

In the case of exam marks, in the improvement exam, if the student scores higher than that of March 2020 exam, it would be considered otherwise, the student’s earlier score that he obtained in the March 2020 exam would remain the same. 

The question papers and answer key of the improvement exam conducted in December 2020 are published here. Those who are to appear for the first year exam can use it for reference study and the students who had gone through the exam can have self evaluation too.


HSE First Year(XI) Improvement Exam Question Paper December 2020Answer Key
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 English Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Malayalam Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Hindi Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Physics  Answer Key(Official)
Answer Key(Unofficial) 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Chemistry  Answer Key(Official)
Answer Key(Unofficial)
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Mathematics (Science) Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Mathematics (Commerce) Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Biology Answer Key Zoology | Botany 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Computer Science  Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Accountancy(CA)  Answer Key(Official)
Answer Key(Unofficial) 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Accountancy(AFS)  Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Economics Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Business Studies  Answer Key(Unofficial)
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Politics Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Sociology Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Geography Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 History Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Computer Application (Commerce) Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Computer Application (Humanities) Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Geology Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Islamic History Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Psychology Answer Key 
HSE XI Improvement December 2020 Social Work Answer Key